Additional Resources

These articles, resources, webpages, and more may be helpful to teachers and administrators concerned with strengthening liberal education. They reflect the views of the authors, not those of the Teagle Foundation.

Additional resources can be found on the Grantees' Publications, Teagle Podcast, Teagle Essays, and Listenings pages of the website.

Higher Education

  • American Association of State Colleges and Universities and Association of Public And Land-Grant Universities. "Voluntary System of Accountability."
  • Bok, Derek. Our Underachieving Colleges. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.
  • Bowen, William G. and Derek Bok. The Shape of the River. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.
  • Bowen, William G., Martin A. Kurzweil and Eugene M. Tobin. Equity and Excellence in American Higher Education. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2006.
  • Delbanco, Andrew. College: What it Was, Is, and Should Be. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012.
  • Koblick, Steven and Stephen R. Graubard, eds. Distinctively American: The Residential Liberal Arts Colleges. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2000.
  • Light, Richard J. Making the Most of College: Students Speak their Minds. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.
  • National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities. "University and College Accountability Network."
  • National Center for Education Statistics. "Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS)."
  • Oakley, Francis. Community of Learning: The American College and the Liberal Arts Tradition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
  • Selingo, Jeffrey. College (Un)bound. New York: New Harvest, 2013.
  • Tyson, William. "The Scholar as Public Intellectual." Change. July-August 2011.
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Liberal Education

  • Bean, John. C. "Engaging Ideas: The Professor's Guide to Integrating Writing, Critical Thinking, and Active Learning in the Classroom." The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series, 2001.
  • Benoliel, Peter A. "Liberal Education: Preparing Tomorrow's Business Executives." In Higher Education, Human Resources, and the National Economy: Addresses and Discussion Papers from the Sixtieth Annual Meeting, 117-123. Washington: Association of American Colleges, 1974. Permission granted by Association of American Colleges and Universities.
  • Brint, Steven, Mark Riddle, Lori Turk-Bicakci, and Charles S. Levy. "From the Liberal to the Practical Arts in American Colleges and Universities: Organizational Analysis and Curricular Change." The Journal of Higher Education 76, no. 2 (March-April 2005): 150-180.
  • Colby, Anne, Thomas Ehrlich, Elizabeth Beaumont, and Jason Stephens. Educating Citizens: Preparing America's Undergraduates for Lives of Moral and Civic Responsibility. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003.
  • Colby, Anne, Thomas Ehrlich, William Sullivan, Jonathan Dolle, and Lee Shulman. Rethinking Undergraduate Business Education: Liberal Learning for the Profession. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2011.
  • Freedman, James. O. Idealism and Liberal Education. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1996.
  • Marcy, Mary. "Democracy, Leadership, and the Role of Liberal Education." Liberal Education (Winter 2002), 6-11.
  • Sherman, Thomas M., L.P. Armistead, Forest Fowler, M.A. Barksdale, Glenn Reif. "The Quest for Excellence in University Teaching." The Journal of Higher Education 58, no. 1 (January-February 1987): 66-84.
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Cognition, Brain Development, and Pedagogy

  • Ambrose, Susan A., Michael W. Bridges, Michele DiPietro, Marsha C. Lovett and Marie K. Norman. How Learning Works, 7 Research Based Principles for Smart Teaching. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
  • Anderson, Lorin W. and David R. Krathwohl. A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: A Revision of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. New York: Longman, 2001.
  • Bransford, John D., Ann L. Brown, and Rodney R. Cocking, eds. "Design of Learning Environments" in How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition. Washington: National Academies Press, 2000.
  • -----. "How experts differ from novices" in How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition. Washington: National Academies Press, 2000.
  • Brookfield, Stephen D. "Through the Lens of Learning: How Experiencing Difficult Learning Challenges and Changes Assumptions About Teaching" in To Improve the Academy, edited by Laurie Richlin. Pittsburgh: Professional and Organizational Development Network in Higher Education, 1996.
  • Chick, Nancy L., Aeron Haynie and Regan A.R. Gurung, eds. "From Generic to Signature Pedagogies" inExploring Signature Pedagogies: Approaches to Teaching Disciplinary Habits of Mind. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, 2008.
  • Cohen, Geoffrey L., Claude M. Steele, and Lee D. Ross. "The Mentor's Dilemma: Providing Critical Feedback Across The Racial Divide." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25 (1999): 1302-1318.
  • Davidson, Janet E. and Robert J. Sternberg. The Psychology of Problem Solving. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  • Dunlosky, John and Janet Metcalfe. Metacognition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc, 2008.
  • Fink, L. Dee. Creating Significant Learning Experiences: An Integrated Approach To Designing College Courses. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003.
  • Finkel, Donald L. Teaching With Your Mouth Shut. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 2000.
  • Flavell, John H. "Metacognition and Cognitive Monitoring: A New Area of CognitiveDevelopmental Inquiry."American Psychologist 34 (1979): 906-911.
  • Gardner, Howard. Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York: Basic Books, 1983.
  • Georghiades, Petros. "From the General to the Situated: Three Decades of Metacognition." International Journal of Science Education 26 (2004): 365-383.
  • Grossman, Robert W. "Structures for Facilitating Student Reflection." College Teaching 2009.
  • Karpicke, Jeffrey D. and Henry L. Roediger. "The Critical Importance of Retrieval for Learning." Science 319 (2008): 966-968.
  • Khan, Salman. One World Schoolhouse: Education Reimagined. New York: Twelve, 2012
  • Kuhn, Deanna and David Dean Jr. "Metacognition: A Bridge Between Cognitive Psychology and Educational Practice." Theory into Practice 43 (2004): 268-273.
  • Larsen, Douglas P., Andrew C. Butler, and Henry L. Roediger. "Test-enhanced learning in medical education." Medical Education 42 (2008): 959-966.
  • Pascarella, Ernest T. and Patrick T. Terenzini. How College Affects Students. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995.
  • Pellegrino, James W., Naomi Chudowsky, and Robert Glaser, Eds. Knowing What Students Know: The Science and Design Of Educational Assessment. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2001.
  • Schwarz, Norbert and Ian Skurnik. "Feeling and Thinking: Implications for Problem Solving." In The Psychology Of Problem Solving. Janet E. Davidson & Robert J. Sternberg (Eds.), pp. 263-260. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  • Shankweiler, David, W. Einar Mencl, David Braze, Whitney Tabor, Kenneth R. Pugh, and Robert K. Fulbright. "Reading Differences and Brain: Cortical Integration of Speech and Print." Developmental Neuropsychology 33 (2008): 745-775.
  • VanderStoep, Scott W., & Norris, B. "The Relationship Between Religious Beliefs and Cognition, Motivation, and Behavior." In Advances in Motivation and Achievement (Vol 14), edited by Martin Maehr & S.K. Karabenick, 191-222. San Diego, CA: Elsevier, 2005.
  • Varma, Sashank, Bruce D. McCandliss, and Daniel L. Schwartz. "Scientific and Pragmatic Challenges for Bridging Education and Neuroscience." Educational Researcher 37, no. 3 (2008): 140-152.
  • Zull, James. The Art of Changing the Brain: Enriching the Practice of Teaching by Exploring the Biology of Learning. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, 2002.
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College Access and Preparation

  • Adelman, Clifford. Do We Really Have a College Access Problem?" Change 39, no. 4 (2007).
  • Bowen, William G., Matthew M. Chingos, and Michael S. McPherson. Crossing the Finish Line: Completing College at America's Public Universities. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2009.
  • Datnow, Amanda and Robert Cooper. "Peer Networks of African American Students in Independent Schools: Affirming Academic Success and Racial Identity." The Journal of Negro Education 66, no. 1 (1997): 56-72.
  • G├índara, Patricia and Deborah Bial. Paving the Way to Postsecondary Education: K-12 Intervention Programs for Underrepresented Youth. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, 2001.
  • Holzer, Harry and David Neumark. "Assessing Affirmative Action." Journal of Economic Literature 38, no. 3 (2000): 483-568.Examines affirmative action on the basis of efficiency rather than redistribution.
  • Lee, Sam. The Perfect Life. DVD. Directed by Sam Lee. Brooklyn, NY: Perfect Life Pictures, 2006.
  • McDonough, Patricia M. The School-to-College Transition: Challenges and Prospects. Washington, DC: American Council on Education, 2004.
  • McPherson, Michael S. and Morton Owen Schapiro, eds. College Access: Opportunity or Privilege. New York: The College Board, 2006.
  • -----. College Success: What It Means and How to Make It Happen. New York: The College Board, 2008.
  • O'Connor, Carla. "Dispositions Towards Collective Struggle and Educational Resilience in the Inner City: A Case Analysis of Six African-American High School Students." American Educational Research Journal 34, no. 4 (1997): 593-629.
  • Oakes, Jeannie and Gretchen Guiton. "Matchmaking: The Dynamics of High School Tracking Decisions."American Educational Research Journal 32, no. 1 (1995): 3-33.
  • Simons, Gary, ed. Be the Dream: Prep for Prep Graduates Share Their Stories. Chapel Hill: Algonquin Books, 2003.
  • Stringfield, Sam. 1997. "Research on Effective Instruction for At-Risk Students: Implications for the St. Louis Public Schools." The Journal of Negro Education 66, no. 3 (1997): 258-288.
  • Thacker, Lloyd, ed. College Unranked: Affirming Educational Values in College Admission. N.p.: The Education Conservancy, 2004.
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Outcomes and Assessment

  • Arum, Richard and Josipa Roska. "Academically adrift: Limited Learning on College Campuses." The University of Chicago Press, 2011.
  • Borden, Victor M.H. and Jody L. Zak Owens. Measuring Quality: Choosing Among Surveys and Other Assessments of College Quality. Tallahassee, FL: Association for Institutional Research / Washington, DC: American Council on Education, 2001.
  • Brooks, Rachelle L. "Measuring University Quality." The Review of Higher Education 29, no. 1 (2005): 1-21.
  • Ewell, Peter. "An Emerging Scholarship: A Brief History of Assessment." In Building a Scholarship of Assessment, edited by Trudy W. Banta and Associates, 3-25. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • -----. General Education and the Assessment Reform Agenda. Washington, DC: AAC&U, 2004.
  • -----. "To Capture the Ineffable: New Forms of Assessment in Higher Education." Review of Research in Education 17 . Washington, D.C.: American Educational Research Association, 1991. 75-126.
  • Ferguson, Michael. Advancing Liberal Education: Assessment Practices on Campus. Washington, DC: AAC&U, 2005.
  • Miller, Ross. Assessment in Cycles of Improvement. Washington, DC: AAC&U, 2007.
  • Pace, C. Robert and Mark Connolly. "Where are the Liberal Arts?" Research in Higher Education 41, no. 1 (2000): 53-65.
  • Pascarella, Ernest T., Ty M. Cruce, Gregory C. Wolniak, and Charles Blaich. "Do Liberal Arts Colleges Really Foster Good Practices in Undergraduate Education? Journal of College Student Development 45, no. 1 (2004): 67-84.
  • Shavelson, Richard J. "Assessing Student Learning Responsibly." Changes 39, no. 1 (2007): 26-33.
  • Shavelson, Richard J. and Leta Huang. Change 35, no. 1 (2003): 10-20.
  • Shulman, Lee. "Counting and Recounting." Changes 39, no. 1 (2007): 20-25.
  • Thompson, Robert J. and Matt Serra. "Use of Course Evaluations to Assess the Contributions of Curricular and Pedagogical Initiatives to Undergraduate General Education Learning Objectives." Education 125, no. 4 (2005): 693-703.
  • Walvoord, Barbara. Assessment Clear and Simple: A Practical Guide for Institutions, Departments, and General Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2004.
  • Walvoord, Barbara, Virginia Johnson Anderson, and Thomas A. Angelo. Effective Grading: A Tool for Learning and Assessment. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1998.
  • Wiggins, Grant. "The Truth May Make You Free, but the Test May Keep You Imprisoned: Toward Assessment Worthy of the Liberal Arts." In Assessment and Program Evaluation: An Ashe Reader, edited by Joan S. Stark and Alice Thomas, 545-556. Needham Heights, MA: Simon Schuster Custom Publishing. (Available online at
  • Zhao, Chun-Mei. and George D. Kuh. "Adding Value: Learning Communities and Student Engagement."Research in Higher Education 45, no. 2 (2004): 115-138.
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Big Questions and Religious Work

  • Patel, Eboo. Sacred Ground: Pluralism, Prejudice, and the Promise of America. Boston: Beacon Press, 2012.
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